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A Christmas Carol (1910) [HD] (Silent)
Original Thomas Edison Film Production
A Christmas Carol, is a 1910 silent film directed by J. Searle Dawley for Edison. This production is one of the earliest film adaptations of Charles Dickens' famous 1843 novella.
The day before the Christmas holiday, Ebenezer Scrooge, a hard-fisted miser, refuses to contribute to the Charity Relief Committee, and then rudely rejects his nephew Fred when he visits Scrooge in his office. When Scrooge returns home, he sees the ghost of his former business partner Jacob Marley, who warns him of the punishment he will suffer in the next life if he does not change his ways. That night, Scrooge is visited by three more spirits, who show him his past, the present, and the future that awaits him.
Marc McDermott as Ebenezer Scrooge, Charles S. Ogle as Bob Cratchit, and featuring William Bechtel, Viola Dana, Carey Lee and Shirley Mason.
Directed by J. Searle Dawley, Charles Kent, and Ashley Miller
Based on the short story by Charles Dickens
Produced by Thomas A. Edison Manufacturing Company
A Christmas Carol is a novella by English author Charles Dickens first published by Chapman & Hall on 19 December 1843. The story tells of sour and stingy Ebenezer Scrooge's ideological, ethical, and emotional transformation after the supernatural visitations of Jacob Marley and the Ghosts of Christmases Past, Present, and Yet to Come. The novella met with instant success and critical acclaim.
The book was written and published in early Victorian era Britain when it was experiencing a nostalgic interest in its forgotten Christmas traditions, and at the time when new customs such as the Christmas tree and greeting cards were being introduced. Dickens's sources for the tale appear to be many and varied but are principally the humiliating experiences of his childhood, his sympathy for the poor, and various Christmas stories and fairy tales.
The tale has been viewed as an indictment of nineteenth century industrial capitalism and was adapted several times to the stage, and has been credited with restoring the holiday to one of merriment and festivity in Britain and America after a period of sobriety and sombreness. A Christmas Carol remains popular, has never been out of print,and has been adapted to film, opera, and other media.
In the middle 19th century, a nostalgic interest in pre-Cromwell Christmas traditions swept Victorian England following the publications of Davies Gilbert's Some Ancient Christmas Carols (1822), William B. Sandys's Selection of Christmas Carols, Ancient and Modern (1833), and Thomas K. Hervey's The Book of Christmas (1837). That interest was further stimulated by Prince Albert's introduction of the Christmas tree in 1841, the first Christmas card in 1843, and a revival in carol singing. Hervey's study on Christmas customs attributed their passing to social change and the urbanization of England.
Dickens's Carol was one of the greatest influences in rejuvenating the old Christmas traditions of England, but, while it brings to the reader images of light, joy, warmth, and life it also brings strong and unforgettable images of darkness, despair, coldness, sadness and death. Scrooge himself is the embodiment of winter, and, just as winter is followed by spring and the renewal of life, so too is Scrooge's cold, pinched heart restored to the innocent goodwill he had known in his childhood and youth.
The role of Ebenezer Scrooge has been played by a wide ranges of actors, including Tom Ricketts in 1908, Marc McDermott in 1910, Seymour Hicks in 1913 and again in 1935, Rupert Julian in 1916, Russell Thorndike in 1923, Lionel Barrymore on radio throughout the 1930s and 1940s, John Barrymore on radio, for ailing brother Lionel 1930s, Orson Welles in 1939 on radio, Reginald Owen in 1938, John Carradine in 1947, Malcolm Keen in 1947, Taylor Holmes in 1949, Bransby Williams in 1950, Alastair Sim in 1951, Fredric March in 1954, Basil Rathbone in 1956 and many more including George C. Scott, Jim Carrey, Patrick Stewart, Albert Finney, even Mr. Magoo and Donald Duck! ... just to name a few.
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